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# closed manifold

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English-Russian dictionary of program "Mir-Shuttle". . 2015.

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• Closed manifold — See also: Classification of manifolds#Point set In mathematics, a closed manifold is a type of topological space, namely a compact manifold without boundary. In contexts where no boundary is possible, any compact manifold is a closed manifold.… …   Wikipedia

• Closed — may refer to: Math Closure (mathematics) Closed manifold Closed orbits Closed set Closed differential form Closed map, a function that is closed. Other Cloister, a closed walkway Closed circuit television Closed, an online community at the social …   Wikipedia

• Manifold — For other uses, see Manifold (disambiguation). The sphere (surface of a ball) is a two dimensional manifold since it can be represented by a collection of two dimensional maps. In mathematics (specifically in differential geometry and topology),… …   Wikipedia

• Closed surface — In mathematics a closed surface (2 manifold) is a closed manifold of dimension two, with a single connected component. Examples are spaces like the sphere, the torus, and the Klein bottle. They are classified by the genus and their orientability …   Wikipedia

• Closed set — This article is about the complement of an open set. For a set closed under an operation, see closure (mathematics). For other uses, see Closed (disambiguation). In geometry, topology, and related branches of mathematics, a closed set is a set… …   Wikipedia

• Manifold vacuum — Not to be confused with Vacuum manifold. Manifold vacuum, or engine vacuum in an internal combustion engine is the difference in air pressure between the engine s intake manifold and Earth s atmosphere. Manifold vacuum is an effect of a piston s… …   Wikipedia

• Manifold decomposition — In topology, a branch of mathematics, a manifold M may be decomposed or split by writing M as a combination of smaller pieces. When doing so, one must specify both what those pieces are and how they are put together to form M. Manifold… …   Wikipedia

• Closed and exact differential forms — In mathematics, especially vector calculus and differential topology, a closed form is a differential form α whose exterior derivative is zero (dα = 0), and an exact form is a differential form that is the exterior derivative of another …   Wikipedia

• Closed geodesic — In differential geometry and dynamical systems, a closed geodesic on a Riemannian manifold M is the projection of a closed orbit of the geodesic flow on M. Contents 1 Examples 2 Definition 3 See also 4 …   Wikipedia

• Closed timelike curve — In mathematical physics, a closed timelike curve (CTC) is a worldline in a Lorentzian manifold, of a material particle in spacetime that is closed, returning to its starting point. This possibility was first raised by Kurt Gödel in 1949, who… …   Wikipedia

• Manifold (automotive) — In automotive engineering, an intake manifold or inlet manifold is the part of an engine that supplies the fuel/air mixture to the cylinders. An exhaust manifold or header collects the exhaust gases from multiple cylinders into one pipe. The word …   Wikipedia

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